Morfología de conductos radiculares en incisivos mandibulares permanentes mediante tomografía computarizada de haz cónico en una subpoblación cuencana

Autores/as

  • JOSE LUIS ALVAREZ VASQUEZ Dr
  • Daniela Belén Durán Urdiales
  • CINTYA CAMILA GONZALEZ NEIRA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31984/oactiva.v6iEsp.635

Palabras clave:

incisivos inferiores; Tomografía Computarizada de Haz de Cono; morfología de conductos radiculares; Endodoncia

Resumen

Objetivo: Evaluar la morfología de conductos radiculares en incisivos mandibulares permanentes usando tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT). Materiales y métodos: Se analizaron 187 archivos de CBCT de pacientes cuencanos, valorando un total de 748 imágenes tomográficas. Las CBCT fueron obtenidas usando un tomógrafo Morita 3D Accuitomo 170 (J. Morita Inc., Kyoto, Japan) con tamaño de vóxel de 0.330 mm; parámetros de exposición de 90 kV, 6 mA; campo de visión de 170 x 170; grosor de corte de 0.66mm. La configuración de los conductos radiculares fue analizada de acuerdo a la clasificación de Vertucci. La influencia del género en la distribución de conductos y la simetría de bilateralidad fueron analizados estadísticamente; el nivel de significancia fue p <0.05. Resultados: Todos los dientes presentaron 1 raíz. La prevalencia de dos conductos radiculares fue del 9%. En dientes con dos conductos radiculares, la configuración de Vertucci más prevalente fue el tipo III (6,7%), seguido del tipo V (1,6%). Además, el 68,7% de los dientes con dos conductos radiculares presentaron la bifurcación en el tercio medio de la raíz. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas respecto a la influencia del género y la simetría de bilateralidad. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de dos conductos en incisivos mandibulares en una subpoblación cuencana fue del 9% aproximadamente, siendo la configuración de Vertucci III la más prevalente.

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Citas

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Publicado

2022-01-31
ESTADISTICAS
  • Resumen 174

Cómo citar

ALVAREZ VASQUEZ, J. L., Durán Urdiales, D. B., & GONZALEZ NEIRA, C. C. (2022). Morfología de conductos radiculares en incisivos mandibulares permanentes mediante tomografía computarizada de haz cónico en una subpoblación cuencana. Odontología Activa Revista Científica, 7(1), 7–16. https://doi.org/10.31984/oactiva.v6iEsp.635

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Artículos originales de investigación